Francisco Vasquez de Coronado




Died 1512





Coronado's route
Francisco Vasquez deCoronado

Francisco Vasquez de Coronado failed.  He looked for the seven cities of gold.  He failed, but he found the Grand Canyon.  He explored most of the desert southwest.  He claimed it for Spain.
Coronado heard people talk of the seven cities. He took 300 soldiers to look for it. Coronado got to the Zuni pueblo.  He tried to read the requirimiento.  This was a statement that the Spanish always read to any Indians they met.  It said they had to become Christians.  It said they had to accept the King and Queen of Spain as their rulers. It said that if they didn’t say yes they would become slaves. The Zuni did not speak Spanish.  They did not understand what the Coronado said.  They shot arrows at them.  They nearly killed Coronado himself. Coronado had guns and many soldiers.  Soon the Zuni lost the fight.
Coronado and his men found no gold.  He sent his men all the way to the Colorado River. This river is between California and Arizona. They found the Grand Canyon.  They marched into what is now New Mexico. He led a search for the city of Quivira.  Legend said it was full of riches.  It was in what is now Kansas.  He didn’t find anything.
When he got home he was not welcomed.  He was found guilty of doing terrible things to the Indians. He lost his job. He worked as a clerk in Mexico City. He died in 1554.






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